The development of genuine logistics competitiveness in the local economy constitutes a major stake, given the impact of this sector on the consecration of Morocco as a choice destination for investments that generate jobs and create added value, as well as on the improvement of the competitiveness of trade in Morocco.
In addition to the pursuance of the policy, which consists in the construction of major transport infrastructures and in the multiplication of investments pertaining to this policy, and to the continuation of the reform process affecting the transportation sector, which aim to improve the sector and the services it provides, it has also been necessary to complete the upgrade of the transportation systems. Such upgrade is achieved through a boost given to logistics services and dynamism breathed into the logistics chain by devising a strategy centered on a strong and efficient partnership between the Government and the private sector.
Today, the overall performance of the sector is in the intermediary stage –a characteristic feature of emerging countries—but it still offers a strong potential of growth, when compared with countries, which have been successful in their logistics transition. The sector is in fact still marked by an offer of services that is uneven (in terms of costs, quality, and time-limits); demand that is, on average, not highly developed and a lack of specialized infrastructures for certain types of flows.
On the other hand, a whole new set of sector-based strategies have been devised by Morocco, notably in the agricultural, energy, and industrial sectors. To maximize the chances of success for these strategies, it is now essential to follow them through by developing a high-performance logistics sector, which meets new demands in logistics services.
In this respect, the State and the private sector, represented by CGEM, have defined a strategy for the enhancement of Morocco’s logistics competitiveness. The strategy has been set in motion by the signature of the 2010-2015 Program Contract (or, Compact), under the effective presidency of His Majesty King Mohammed VI (May Allah assist him) in Casablanca during the month of April 2015.
Presenting the National Logistics Strategy:
The Program Contract (or, Compact) defines the main frame of development in the logistics sector in Morocco, sets the main lines and objectives of the integrated strategy for the development of logistics competitiveness, and spells out the common commitments of the State and the Private Sector.
The strategy, which offers a strong potential of development and openness onto the world, will enable Morocco to position itself as a regional logistics hub in Africa. More specifically, the strategy purports to:
- Reduce the weight of logistics costs in Morocco in relation to the GDP, bringing them down from 20% currently to 15% over the medium term;
- Speed up GDP growth by gaining five percentage points over a 10 year period, by means of the increase of the added-value induced by a drop in logistic costs and the emergence of a competitive logistics sector;
- Contribute to the country’s sustainable development through the reduction of CO2 emissions linked to road transportation of goods, by as much as 35% over the medium term and a marked reduction of traffic on roads and in cities.
Accordingly, the Moroccan logistics strategy, which is premised on five major poles, aims at:
- Endowing the country with high-performance logistics infrastructures, through the establishment of a national network of logistics parks (Focal Point 1) which should cover a surface area of roughly 3,300 hectares by 2030. The network is chalked to be set up gradually in the framework of regional plans which mobilize essentially public lands and design parks, in consultation with local actors, on the basis of the current and forecasted needs of specific regions;
- Accelerating a coherent modernization of the sector, through: sector-based action plans designed to optimize logistics flows (Focal Point 2); actions fostering the emergence of integrated and high-performance logisticians (Focal Point 3); a global national plan for the development of logistics competencies (Focal Point 4); the reinforcement of the governance of the sector (Focal Point 5), via the creation of especially dedicated entities (AMDL and the Moroccan Observatory of Logistics Competitiveness, or OMCL).
The implementation of measures and actions pertaining to these foci will be progressive and in several stages, with ambitious objectives to be achieved over the short and medium terms. And full deployment is expected to be completed by 2030.
In the framework of the execution of the national logistics strategy, the Program Contract (or, Compact) between the State and the Private Sector provides for the conclusion of:
- Application contracts for the development of logistics platforms at the regional level;
- Horizontal and sector-based application contracts relating to training as well as the improvement of logistics chains pertaining to the flows of energy product, agricultural products, national distribution, construction material, as well as import/export flows.